Cataracts are a clouding in the natural lens of the eye, the area immediately in back of the pupil.
Cataracts tend to develop gradually in all people. Most people who have cataracts are 50 or older, and in fact, around 50 percent of all people develop a cataract by the time they reach the age of 65. Virtually everybody who is 75 or older develops cataracts. Although cataracts are extremely rare in children, it is possible for infants to have congenital cataracts.
Not always. There are times that the eye doctor will recommend that the patient waits until the cataract actually starts causing significant trouble with vision, especially when the cataract is still very small. The eye doctor will need to monitor the cataract on a regular basis to determine when it needs to be removed.
While all types of surgery do carry some level of risk, cataract surgery is widely considered to be safe. It is the most often performed surgery in the U.S. today, in fact. Selecting an eye doctor with a great deal of experience with this type of surgery is very important. The team at Mid-Peninsula Ophthalmology Medical Group has the experience needed to perform cataract surgery safely and with excellent results.
In cataract surgery, the surgeon will create a tiny incision, through which surgery is performed to remove the natural lens of the eye. It is usually broken up into fragments for easier removal. To replace the lens, a special prosthetic lens known as an intraocular lens is then put into place. This lens will naturally integrate into the eye and usually won't require stitches.
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